These diseases are associated with lifestyles or health behaviours. These risk factors include smoking, obesity, alcohol, diet and physical activity.
The foundations of adult health are set down in prenatal life and early childhood. Childhood inequalities in physical, mental and emotional health are strongly associated with increased lifetime risk of poor physical and mental health in adulthood.
In terms of preventing ill-health and/or social disadvantage in the long term, the importance of promoting and protecting the health and well-being of children and young people cannot be underestimated.