- Directly, through violence, injury, rape and other offences against the person
- Indirectly, through the psychological and physical consequences of injury, victimisation and isolation because of fear
- As a determinant of illness, along with poverty and other inequalities, which increases the burden of ill health on those communities least able to cope
- By causing preventable health burdens, such as alcohol-related crime, motor vehicle incidents and drug dependency
Community Safety JSNA
This JSNA paper provides an overview of key and evolving issues for community safety (and the interactions/impacts this has on health) across Bournemouth, Poole and Dorset. Key findings include:
- Violent crimes and sexual assaults are increasing across the pan-Dorset area.
- Violence is not sporadic but occurs in clusters of locations and time, mostly associated with the night-time economy.
- Holidays and the presence of drinking establishments on their own are not enough to lead to clusters of violence. There are wider, societal determinants often associated with areas of deprivation.
- Public perception that anti-social behaviour crimes are being effectively dealt with has dropped.
- Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) have identified public places and alcohol related violent crimes as priority areas.
- Public health is collecting and analysing emergency department data to help inform the development of harm reduction strategies.
Public Health, through working with partners in the community, such as the police, NHS and trading standards, can play a key role in in assisting the CSPs to deliver on their strategy.